-Cyprus Orthopaedics

Frozen shoulder symptoms

Frozen shoulder symptoms-Cyprus Orthopaedics

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition that affects the shoulder joint and causes pain, stiffness, and limited range of motion. It is a mysterious and often misunderstood condition that can significantly impact a person’s daily life. Understanding the symptoms of frozen shoulder is crucial for early diagnosis and effective management.

What is frozen shoulder?

Frozen shoulder is a condition characterized by the inflammation and thickening of the shoulder joint capsule. The exact cause of frozen shoulder is still unknown, but it often occurs after a period of shoulder immobility or trauma. The condition typically progresses through three stages: freezing, frozen, and thawing. During the freezing stage, the shoulder gradually becomes painful and stiff. In the frozen stage, the pain may decrease, but the stiffness becomes more pronounced. Finally, in the thawing stage, the shoulder gradually regains its range of motion.

Causes of frozen shoulder

 The most common risk factors include age (40-60 years old), gender (more common in women), and certain medical conditions such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, and heart disease. Additionally, prolonged immobilization of the shoulder due to injury, surgery, or prolonged bed rest can also lead to the development of frozen shoulder.

Frozen shoulder symptoms-Cyprus Orthopaedics

Common symptoms of frozen shoulder

Recognizing the symptoms of frozen shoulder is crucial for early diagnosis and timely intervention. The most common symptom is shoulder pain that gradually worsens over time. The pain may be more pronounced during activities and can disturb sleep. Stiffness is another hallmark symptom, making it difficult to perform everyday tasks like reaching overhead or behind the back. The range of motion in the affected shoulder is significantly limited, causing difficulty in daily activities such as dressing and grooming.

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Diagnosis of frozen shoulder

The diagnosis of frozen shoulder involves a thorough physical examination, review of the medical history, and imaging tests. The doctor will assess the range of motion in your shoulder and check for signs of inflammation and tenderness. X-rays or MRIs may be ordered to rule out other conditions and confirm the presence of frozen shoulder. It is essential to consult your doctor if you are experiencing persistent shoulder pain, stiffness and limited mobility to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Treatment options for frozen shoulder

There are various treatment options available for managing frozen shoulder symptoms. Non-surgical interventions include physical therapy, pain management techniques, and anti-inflammatory medications. Physical therapy plays a crucial role in improving range of motion and reducing pain and stiffness. In some cases, corticosteroid injections may be recommended to alleviate inflammation. If conservative treatments fail to provide relief, surgical options like arthroscopy or manipulation under anesthesia may be considered.

Frozen shoulder symptoms-Cyprus Orthopaedics

Exercises and stretches for frozen shoulder relief

Exercises and stretches can be beneficial for relieving frozen shoulder symptoms and improving shoulder mobility. Range of motion exercises, such as pendulum swings and passive stretching, can help increase flexibility. Strengthening exercises, like shoulder rotations and resistance band exercises, can help improve muscle strength and stability. It is essential to consult a physical therapist before starting any exercise regimen to ensure that you are performing the appropriate exercises correctly and safely.

Preventing frozen shoulder

While it may not be possible to prevent frozen shoulder entirely, certain measures can reduce the risk of developing this condition. Maintaining a healthy weight, adopting good posture, and practicing regular shoulder exercises can help keep the shoulder joint flexible and reduce the likelihood of stiffness. Avoiding prolonged immobilization of the shoulder, especially after surgery or injury, is also crucial. If you have any underlying medical conditions, such as diabetes or thyroid disorders, it is essential to manage them effectively to minimize the risk of developing frozen shoulder.

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Conclusion: Living with and managing frozen shoulder symptoms

Living with frozen shoulder can be challenging, but with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, symptoms can be managed effectively. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and risk factors associated with frozen shoulder is crucial for seeking timely medical attention. Physical therapy, pain management techniques, and exercises can help improve shoulder mobility and alleviate pain and stiffness. By adopting preventive measures and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, the risk of developing frozen shoulder can be minimized. If you are experiencing shoulder pain, stiffness, or limited mobility, consult a healthcare professional to receive a proper diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan.

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